endemic and epidemic meaning

An epidemic refers to regional outbreaks of viruses. Epidemic definition: If there is an epidemic of a particular disease somewhere , it affects a very large... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Study Up With Our Official SCRABBLE Dictionary, Words From 1921: 100 Years Old and Still Around. Learn a new word every day. endemic: [ en-dem´ik ] present or usually prevalent in a population or geographical area at all times, in contrast to epidemic ; the term is used of a disease or agent. ), 2 Aug. 1911, Since the time when the bankers, Ward and Fish, were over a year ago, dragged from their luxurious homes and punished and disgraced by the avenging hand of the law they had outraged, there has seemed everywhere over the country to be a glorious epidemic of law….— Mississippian (Jackson, MS), 2 Aug. 1887. Build a city of skyscrapers—one synonym at a time. said of plants, animals, and, sometimes, customs, etc.   Epidemic refers to a sudden increase in the number of cases of a disease above what is normally expected. • Both endemic and epidemic are diseases though endemic is a disease that is common to a particular are while epidemic is an outbreak of a disease in an area. Here are some epidemics: The Sunshine Coast is in the midst of a whooping cough epidemic with an average of three new cases presenting every day this year. Trump loyalists fight election certification, monolith Examples of endemic diseases include chicken pox that occurs at a predictable rate among young school children in the United States and malaria in some areas of Africa. While it might be common to say that AIDS is "endemic" in many African countries, meaning found in an area, this is a use of the word in its etymological, rather than epidemiological, form. An epidemic (from Greek epi- upon + demos people) is a classification of a diseasethat appears as new cases in a given human population, during a given period, at a rate that substantially exceeds what is "expected," based on recent experience (the number of new cases in the population during a specified period of time is called the "incidence rate"). The term epidemic derives from a word form attributed to Homer's Odyssey, which later took its medical meaning from the Epidemics, a treatise by Hippocrates. Leave endemic Ebola zones – Germany tells nationals Americans fear pandemic as Ebola patients evacuate to Atlanta The element dem in epidemic , endemic , and pandemic comes from the ancient Greek word demos , which meant people or district : endemic, epidemic Endemic diseases, like the poor, are always with us. Before Hippocrates, epidemios, epidemeo, epidamos, and other variants had meanings similar to the current definitions of "indigenous" or "endemic". The word endemic is derived from Greek word (endemos), en meaning “in” and demos meaning “people” or “population”. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Again like the poor, they tend to be overlooked, taken for granted, or neglected. In contrast, the endemic disease is one that is constantly present in a group or geographic area. Here are some epidemics: An endemic disease is restricted to a place, as with malaria, or a people, as with Tay-Sachs. For those who are in a hurry, and just need to know the quick answer, the Merriam-Webster Dictionary of English Usage has the following advice: “Medically speaking, endemic describes a disease that is constantly present to a greater or lesser extent in a particular place; epidemic describes a severe outbreak of a disease affecting many people within a community or region at one time.” For those of … Pandemic, epidemic, endemic and outbreak: Know the differences A need to know guide on pandemics, epidemics, endemics, and outbreaks. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? An epidemic disease may happen in a specific place, but it can spread beyond that place, as with asthma or AIDS. In those places, it can’t be considered an epidemic as there is not a sudden increase in chickenpox cases, but rather a persistent presence. adj. Tay-Sachs is a genetic disease endemic to Jews and French Canadians. Updated May 18, 2012. A disease that is endemic is found in a certain geographic region or in a specific race of people. (Sunshine Coast Daily), But we're still talking about a huge epidemic in this country where more than half a million babies are born each year preterm. endemic: Prevalent in or limited to a particular locality, region, or people. Endemic is usually an adjective, unlike pandemic and epidemic above. An endemic disease is restricted to a place, as with malaria, or a people, as with Tay-Sachs. This great Phisitian, seeing his countrie afflicted with a certaine epidemicall disease and cruell pestilence, that did roote out all the people, counselled them to cause to be lighted great store of fires throughout all the countries, to purge and driue away the euill ayre.— T.W., A pleasant satyre, 1595, Endemick is a common sicknesse, and yet for all that proper to some one country or region: which is as much to say, as a regional, or prouincial sicknesse: For there are certain regions and places which by a peculiar propertie in themselues engender certaine kindes of infirmities, which are particular only to the inhabitants of that region, either by occasion of the aire, or the waters in that country.— Thomas Lodge, A treatise of the plague, 1603, Both endemic and epidemic have taken on senses outside of science or medicine, although even in these figurative meanings the words tend to remain aligned with their initial meanings. Did You Know? Epidemic is also used as an adjective: she studied the causes of epidemic cholera. Armed rioters storm Capitol building, sedition Endemic describes a disease or condition that is regularly found among particular people or in a certain area. It's free and takes five seconds. • Malaria is endemic to many parts of Africa while a viral infection may take on epidemic proportions in a … An epidemic is defined as “an outbreak of disease that spreads quickly and affects many individuals at the same time.” A pandemic is a type of epidemic (one with greater range and coverage), an outbreak of a disease that occurs over a wide geographic area and affects an exceptionally high proportion of … Both endemic and epidemic can be used as adjectives and nouns. In this way, the infection neither dies out nor does the number of infected people increase exponentially but the infection is said to be in an endemic steady state. An epidemic occurs when a disease is spreading through one or more populations. Definition. In this video we will first explain the meaning of PANDEMIC, EPIDEMIC, OUTBREAK, ENDEMIC and SPORADIC. It's free and takes five seconds. epidemic hemorrhagic fever an acute infectious disease thought to be transmitted to humans by mites or chiggers; characteristics include fever, purpura, peripheral vascular collapse, and acute renal failure. Epidemic describes a disease that is widespread, affecting an "atypically large number of individuals within a population, community, or region at the same time," according to the Merriam-Webster Medical Dictionary. The virus, that killed over 4,000 and affected more than 118,000 people, has so far spread to six continents and 114 countries. Every year, there are a few cases of malaria reported in the UK, but these do not lead to sustained transmission in the population due to the lack of a suitable vector (mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles). In the field of public health, the words endemic, epidemic and pandemic all denote the spread of an infectious disease, but the extent of its spread differs for each. AN EPIDEMIC is a disease that affects a large number of people within a community, population, or region. Pandemic It is an outbreak of disease in the form of epidemic that spreads at a global level throughout the world and remains there for sometimes a year or even more wiping out millions of people e.g. Endemic is an adjective that means natural to, native to, confined to, or widespread within a place or population of people. Endemic diseases are often confused with epidemics. Epidemic diseases, on … Some usage guides urge writers to reserve the use of epidemic for humans, employing epizootic for such occasions as when one is describing an outbreak of chytridiomycosis. Endemic viruses are always there, with immunity, spread interventions and seasonality all playing a role, Berry said. See more. Pandemic. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? AN OUTBREAK is a greater-than-anticipated increase in the number of endemic cases. For example, HIV is hyperendemic in parts of Africa, whereas many as one in five adults has the disease, and endemic in the United States, where roughly one in 300 is infected. The term epidemic is not just used with infectious diseases. Whether you're a student, an educator, or a lifelong learner, Vocabulary.com can put you Prevalent in a particular locality, region, or population: endemic diseases of the tropics. Definition. In epidemiology, a disease will be called Pandemic, when an epidemic spread worldwide. (New York Times), Catalina endemic plants are species that occur naturally on Catalina Island and nowhere else in the world. Endemic viruses are always there, with immunity, spread interventions and seasonality all playing a role, Berry said. Epidemic carries its non-technical meanings as both adjective (“contagious,” “excessively prevalent”) and noun (“an outbreak or product of sudden rapid spread, growth, or development”). 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. An Endemic disease can be converted into an epidemic, if the disease-causing virulent strain of a pathogen appears in a large number when most of a population lacks immunity. Hyperendemic means there are persistently high levels of a disease in an area. — Cynthia Quarries, Journal of Modern Literature, Winter 2018, Chicago Court’s Politics and Size Feed Fears Corruption is Endemic— (headline) The New York Times, 27 Dec. 1983. Whether you live in India or overseas, you can do it here. Both epidemic and endemic came into English around the beginning of the 17th century, and the words share the root Greek dēmos, meaning “population." The disease, however eventually subsides. It stretches over a larger area, infects more people and causes more deaths than an epidemic. Definition The term epidemic derives from a word form attributed to Homer's Odyssey, which later took its medical meaning from the Epidemics, a treatise by Hippocrates. 'Endemic' is mostly found as an adjective meaning “characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment.”. Continue reading... An epidemic is a disease that spreads rapidly among many people in a community at the same time. An epidemic is a widespread occurrence … In those places, it can’t be considered an epidemic as there is not a sudden increase in chickenpox cases, but rather a persistent presence. See also: Endemic; Pandemic. To Jews and French Canadians, taken for granted, or population: endemic diseases the! 2019 ; 7 ( 4 endemic epidemic and pandemic, infects more people and causes more deaths than epidemic! 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